Legal Dockets Online
Named as a Top Essential Web Site for Litigators by
The Virtual Chase
      The Secrets of Online Document Retrieval

         Print   By Paul Bush
          June 4, 2004

You're drafting a civil federal litigation document, and need help.   Where to turn?
Of course, there's case law, federal rules, local rules, and judges' preferences.

But reviewing similar court filings online can be very useful. For simple
boilerplate litigation documents, getting a quick sample can confirm proper
document wording and formatting. For more substantive documents — such as
a supporting memorandum of law — recent samples can provide ideas and help
avoid reinventing the wheel.

How to find those documents? To effectively search thousands of case dockets
for precedent samples, a well-developed database is needed.  LexisNexis
CourtLink and CourtExpress' ClearCase services both offer full-text docket
searching and have other features superior to that of the government's Pacer
U.S. Party/Case Index database. The private databases are updated regularly
and users can search fields of a docket sheet for specific criteria. Pricing can
vary, but generally costs are between $5 and $10 per search.

After you have received your search results you can either retrieve the dockets
and documents from the search provider, or get them directly from the source.
Many federal district courts now offer direct access to litigation case information
and documents via the "Case Management/Electronic Case Files" (CM/ECF)
system, proprietary technology produced by the federal government. With a
Pacer account, attorneys can use all CM/ECF databases to instantly access
live docket sheets, document images, and reports. (Some courts that have not
yet converted to the CM/ECF system offer document images services.)

Almost every state offers federal civil litigation documents online, which can be
quickly and inexpensively downloaded. The cost for accessing most databases
is seven cents per page, with a pricing cap of $2.10 for 30 or more pages. Prior
to January 1, 2004 this cap only applied to document images, with the
exception of transcripts, but now extends to docket sheets and case specific
reports as well.

Before you begin you will need a computer with a PDF reader, an account with
either CourtLink or CourtExpress, and a Pacer account. To open an account for
these services simply apply online at,, and, respectively.

CourtLink and ClearCase can search these case docket fields in combination
with full-text searching: dates filed, courts, nature of suits, litigants, attorneys, law
firms, judges, statutes, causes, open, closed, or class action status. ClearCase
also offers a "demand amount" field for searching, and CourtLink allows you to
make a template for your criteria search, to speed future duplicate searches.

Now that you are ready to start your search, login to CourtLink or CourtExpress
and enter data into as many search fields as possible. In the full-text search field
enter the name of the document you are looking for such as "motion to dismiss."
An overly broad search will produce too many results to look through, and
limiting your search too much, such as only searching a very small time frame,
may not provide any results at all. It may take a few tries to get the optimum

After you have obtained a comfortable number of case listings fitting your
criteria, review the dockets, because case listing results display bare summary
information. To look at the dockets you will now need to either purchase them
from CourtLink, CourtExpress, or Pacer. An advantage of looking at the dockets
with CourtLink or CourtExpress is that your search "hits" from the fields you
searched will be highlighted on the docket. However, I prefer to view case
dockets in CM/ECF, Web Pacer, or Racer.

Downloading dockets and documents is significantly faster and cheaper, and
using the "edit," "find", (or equivalent) browser function will allow you to quickly
search the text of the docket.

Next go to an appropriate CM/ECF, Web Pacer, or Racer Web site and log in.
Don't forget to enter the client/matter or other reference for the bill. Pacer
databases do not require a client/matter, and bills are only sent out quarterly.
Select a case from your previous search results, open and peruse the entries.

Assuming you find a document you would like to download and read, how do you
know it is well written? By reading through the docket entries you should be able
to determine if the filing was ruled on and successful. Check to see who wrote it
and when. Was is it filed by Joe Schmo five years ago, or last week by an
attorney or firm who is a leader in their field?

Finally, to download documents simply click the linked docket entry number on
the left of the document description.

After confirming the fees for the download, your PDF viewer will open and you
will see the document. Once in your viewer, the document can be printed, saved,
e-mailed, etc. To get documents from another case, open that docket, and
repeat the download process. After some practice you should be able to quickly
locate and download several precedent samples for your writing.

Armed with this technique of online docket searching and retrieval, attorneys
essentially have unlimited access to a quickly growing, inexpensive precedent
sample database.

With advanced docket searching and the federal courts' increased use of
CM/ECF, finding samples for your writing is easier and more productive than

This article is reprinted with permission from the July 2004 issue of the Law Technology News. © 2004 ALM
Properties, Inc. Further duplication without permission is prohibited.  All rights reserved.

Home | Testimonials | Free Trial | FAQs | Blog | Subscribe | About/Contact

Copyright © 2000 - 2008, Courtport, LLC
Disclaimers, Copyright Notice, Privacy Policy, Terms and Conditions
Electronic Case Filing and Public Record Retrieval News

Research Articles
Due Diligence:
What are you missing?

What Isn't Available
Using CM/ECF

Court Case
Docket Research:
Portal or Database?

Free Court Case
Docket Monitoring

The Secrets of Online Document Retrieval

Online Availability of
Case Information

Keeping Up with
Electronic Docket and
Document Retrieval

People Search & Public Criminal Record Background Checks

U.S. Public Records Search Data & State Civil and Criminal Court Case
Records Index

County Court Records Search & State Criminal Records Information

Online State & County Criminal Records Search & Public Records

Registered Sex Offenders Registry Search & Online Criminal Records Search

State of California Public Record Search